Facts about Crimea


  • Crimea is surrounded almost entirely by the Black Sea. It is connected to Ukraine’s Kherson Oblast in the North by the Isthmus of Perekop.
  • The Kerch Strait separates Crimea from Russia.
  • In the ancient world the peninsula was known as Tauris.
  • Crimea covers an area of 10,000 sq miles/26,000 sq km, about the same size of the state of Massachusetts.
  • Crimea is 200 miles/322 km from Sochi, where the 2014 Winter Olympics took place.
  • In the Crimean War in 1853 Russia fought against an allied group of Britain, France, the Austrian Empire, Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire.
  • In 1954 the Soviet Union under Nikita Khrushchev transferred Crimea to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
  • After the collapse of the Soviet Union Crimea became part of Ukraine as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
  • There are 12 operating merchant seaports in Crimea according to ITF Global.
  • The main economic activities in Crimea are agriculture and tourism.
  • Russia’s Black Sea Fleet has been operating in Sevastopol since 1783.
  • Crimea is the native land of the Crimean Tartars who are primarily Muslim.
  • In 1944, during World War II, Stalin deported 200,000 Crimean Tartars to Central Asia and Siberia.
  • After the fall of the Soviet Union Crimean Tartars started to return to the region. Today they make up 13% of the Crimean population and continue to grow at a rate of 0.9% annually.
  • The overall Crimean population is consistently falling at a rate of 0.4% annually due to lower grow rate in the Russian and Ukrainian populations.
  • Simferopol is the capital of Crimea. It was the capital of the Scythian state in the 3rd century.

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Category: Facts